is said that all of the four seasons exist in Turkey. The
sea stretching on three sides
of the country, the location of the mountains and the variety
of geographical formations have led to this diversity.
The climate is mild in the coastal regions due to the influence
of the sea. The central regions are sealed from the sea by
the Northern Anatolian Mountains and the Taurus Mountain Range
and demonstrate characteristics of a continental climate.
The Mediterranean and Aegean coastal regions up to an altitude
of 800 m inland are characterized by the Mediterranean climate.
In this climate summers are hot and arid while winters are
mild and rainy. Annual rainfall is about 1000 mm in some places
but considerably less in others. Frost and snowfall - except
for high mountain regions - are rare.
The Black Sea climate occurs in the northern regions of Turkey
especially on the mountain ridges facing the sea. The summer
is less hot than in the Mediterranean region. The winter is
colder than in the south. Occasionally there is frost, fog
and snow. The main characteristic of this climate is that
it rains winter and summer due the precipitation of the humid
weather from the Black Sea. The region has the highest rainfall
in Turkey with Rize province, for instance, getting 2200 mm.
The continental climate is seen in regions distant from the
sea and surrounded by mountains. Central Anatolia, Eastern
and Southeastern Anatolia and the inland of Thrace are in
this category. Temperature differences between night and day
and summer and winter are sharp, and rain is relatively infrequent.
Winters are long and cold with heavy snowfall while summers
are short but hot. Eastern Anatolia is the region most exposed
to this climate because the high mountains result in more
precipitation. The rainiest season in Central Anatolia is
spring, in Southeastern Anatolia, winter. While Southeastern
Anatolia receives relatively more rain, it is threatened by
desertification due to high heat and evaporation.